Apache搭建多个站点方法详解

内容预览:
  • 下面多站点支持的话,修改httpd.conf的第187~264行(不同的httpd.conf可...~
  • 注意:如果是服务器请备份httpd.conf后再修改文件~
  •  代码如下 复制代码 # &;Main&; server configuration # # The dir...~

Apache的虚拟主机是一种允许在同一台机器上配置多个不同站点的web服务器环境的,就是iis一样可以创建多站点了,但是apache需要在编辑状态操作,不能像windows iis直接点击几下就好了,下面我来给各位介绍配置方法。

最平常的大概有3种方法。

第一种:单IP不同端口

第二种:多IP同端口(独立IP的虚拟空间)

第三种:域名绑定根目录的方式(共享IP的虚拟空间)

Apache的核心配置文件名是”httpd.conf”,其所存放的路径在Apache目录下的conf文件夹下。修改它只需要使用记事本(建议使用其他编辑器,带行数的那种,方便修改),生效的话只需要保存httpd.conf,重启apache即可。

下面多站点支持的话,修改httpd.conf的第187~264行(不同的httpd.conf可能有差异),也就是在ServerAdmin和ServerName那里,大部分是注释。下面是主要修改的地方。

注意:如果是服务器请备份httpd.conf后再修改文件。

 代码如下 复制代码

# ‘Main’ server configuration

#

# The directives in this section set up the values used by the ‘main’

# server, which responds to any
request
s that aren’t handled by a

# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for

# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.

#

# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,

# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the

# virtual host being defined.

#

#

# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be

# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such

# as error documents.  e.g. [email protected]

#

ServerAdmin [email protected]

#

# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.

# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify

# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.

#

# If your host doesn’t have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.

#

ServerName www.example.com:80

#

# Deny access to the entirety of your server’s filesystem. You must

# explicitly permit access to web content directories in other

# <Directory> blocks below.

#

<Directory />

    AllowOverride All

    Require all denied

</Directory>

#

# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow

# particular features to be enabled – so if something’s not working as

# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it

# below.

#

#

# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your

# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but

# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.

#

DocumentRoot “g:/www”

<Directory “g:/www”>

    #

    # Possible values for the Options directive are “None”, “All”,

    # or any combination of:

    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews

    #

    # Note that “MultiViews” must be named *explicitly* — “Options All”

    # doesn’t give it to you.

    #

    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see

    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options

    # for more information.

    #

    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

    #

    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.

    # It can be “All”, “None”, or any combination of the keywords:

    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit

    #

    AllowOverride All

    #

    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.

    #

    Require all granted

</Directory>

第一种一般是测试环境,毕竟加了端口,如何绑定域名,访问的时候域名后面也需加端口。

例子分别通过80和8080访问不同的根目录。

大概在50几行有个Listen 80,在下面添加8080端口。

 代码如下 复制代码

Listen 80

Listen 8080<VirtualHost *:80>

    ServerAdmin [email protected]

    ServerName localhost:80

    DocumentRoot “g:/www1”

     <Directory “g:/www1”>

     Options  Indexes FollowSymLinks

     AllowOverride All

     Require all granted

   </Directory>  

</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:8080>

    ServerAdmin [email protected]

    ServerName localhost:8080 

    DocumentRoot “g:/www2”

   <Directory “g:/www2”>

     Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

     AllowOverride All

     Require all granted

   </Directory>      

</VirtualHost>

第二种多IP同端口。

IP地址1:192.168.2.2

IP地址2:192.168.1.68

端口同是80端口。

 代码如下 复制代码

<VirtualHost 192.168.1.68:80>

    ServerAdmin [email protected]

    ServerName localhost:80

    DocumentRoot “g:/www1”

     <Directory “g:/www1”>

     Options FollowSymLinks

     AllowOverride All

     Require all granted

   </Directory>  

</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost 192.168.2.2:80>

    ServerAdmin [email protected]

    ServerName localhost:80

    DocumentRoot “g:/www2”

   <Directory “g:/www2”>

     Options FollowSymLinks

     AllowOverride All

     Require all granted

   </Directory>      

</VirtualHost>

第三种同IP不同域名和根目录(域名的话修改本地host演示)。

 代码如下 复制代码

<VirtualHost 192.168.2.2:80>

    ServerAdmin [email protected]

    ServerName www.111cn.net

    DocumentRoot “g:/www1”

     <Directory “g:/www1”>

     Options FollowSymLinks

     AllowOverride All

     Require all granted

   </Directory>  

</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost 192.168.2.2:80>

    ServerAdmin [email protected]

    ServerName www.111cn.net

    DocumentRoot “g:/www2”

   <Directory “g:/www2”>

     Options FollowSymLinks

     AllowOverride All

     Require all granted

   </Directory>      

</VirtualHost>

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